Lesson Summary 

Construct a similar sounding VCO setting and evaluate the scientific principles behind that specific timbre. 


Timbre - Also known as tone color or tone quality. Timbre the quality of a musical note or sound or tone that distinguishes different types of sound. The physical characteristics of sound that determine the perception of timbre include a sounds frequency spectrum and envelope.

Fundamental frequency - the harmonic component of a complex wave that has the lowest frequency and commonly the greatest amplitude. In musical terms the principal tone produced.

Harmonics – Higher frequencies of a complex waveform that are multiples of the fundamental frequency. For example if the fundamental  is 200Hz, the second harmonic is 400Hz and third harmonic is 600Hz. 


Recreate the bass setting from Stevie Wonder's "Boogie on Reggae Woman".




First we need to match our Werkstatt to the settings in Figure 1. 


 Figure 1. Stevie Wonder - Boogie on Reggae Woman Werkstatt setting. 



We will need to be careful to fine tune the FREQ knob so that we are in tune with Stevie Wonder's Moog.  We should be focusing on matching the low C button to the first note of the bass line.  Follow the score in Figure 2 to recreate a part of the bass line from Stevie Wonder's "Boogie on Reggae Woman". 


 Figure 2. Stevie Wonder's "Boogie on Reggae Woman" transposed for the Werkstatt. 


Find a song that uses electronic musical synthesis and do your best to emulate a sound from that song.  Explain what processes you used in the Werkstatt, and how the sound was manipulated.